Our Inland's signature tree. Long-lived, grows to 100 feet or more. Needles 6 inches or longer, cones 3-4 inches. Distinctive thick, reddish, scaly bark. (Loggers call this tree "yellow pine" because in very old trees, 2 feet or more in diameter, the bark becomes gold in color.) Important timber and wildlife tree. Habitat is mostly mountains in pure stands, dry sites. Native Americans used bark scales for small, hot fires and the wood for canoes.